Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. March 9, . Golden Chance Farm. Dotsam Stable. Colors: Brown, powder blue hoop and bar on sleeves, brown and blue cap. Champion Older Male Horse U. Work songs like "The Ballad of John Henry" helped the railway workers perform their rhythmic jobs more efficiently. Nelson also believes it's more likely that Henry died from dust inhalation than from exhaustion [source: Grimes ].
No matter who he was or where he came from, John Henry continues to endure as an American folk hero and champion of the rail workers in the late s. John Henry said to his captain,. But before I let your steam drill beat me down,.
As Henry had no sons, King John expected a considerable enlargement of the Luxembourg lands and control over the Tyrolean mountain passes to Italy. John Henry and Margaret were married on 16 September at Innsbruck. Henry died on 2 April , and Emperor Louis IV consequently gave Carinthia and southern Tyrol including the overlordship of the prince-bishoprics of Trent and Brixen to the Austrian dukes.
King John felt deprived. John Henry's brother Charles acted as regent for his year-old brother John Henry and soon came into conflict with the Tyrolian nobility. Furthermore, John Henry and his wife had developed a strong aversion to each other. Margaret finally took the lead of the insurgence against her husband, when she refused him the access to Castle Tyrol on 1 November John Henry fled to the Patriarchal State of Aquileia , while his wife claimed that their marriage had never been consummated.
When a rare element coincides with testimony or fact, its probability of being historically correct is greatly enhanced. Fact: Captain Dabney was born in Virginia. He moved to Mississippi by age one. Ballad: John Henry died on a Tuesday. Utah: John Henry died on September 20, Fact: September 20, , was a Tuesday. It is found very frequently. The John Henry tradition placing him at Dunnavant, Alabama, first appeared in print in , 43 years after the alleged event.
However, it is said to have existed among Central of Georgia railroad employees and citizens of the Dunnavant and Leeds well before that.
This tradition could date from the historical event itself. Actually, I have spent many hours with the usual bad microfilms of the possibly relevant newspapers from Alabama and Mississippi that I have been able to locate.
My Tributaries article, "Chasing John Henry," cites six items from these newspapers. Nelson has graciously given me some tips on tracking down these records. I am grateful. I had hoped that Nelson would turn his research attention to Alabama railroads and the question of John Henry there the "Alabama story" about John Henry Dabney.
However, he tells me that he deems his work on John Henry complete the "Virginia story" about John William Henry and has already redirected his research.
I intend to continue pursuing evidence pertinent to the Alabama story. Before replying to Nelson's comments about the evidence for the Virginia and Alabama stories, I mention thoughts that have recently come to my attention from others.
First, I am not the only one to opine that the evidence for the Virginia story, presented in "Steel Drivin' Man," is weak. In the Virginia story, John Henry seems to be single. She appears frequently as the mother of his children, as a distraught wife after he collapses , and as a widow.
If I thought the frequency of a motif in tradition determined its reliability as history, I'd consider John W. I don't think that, so I consider it to be less-than-strong evidence. Some might not think it evidence at all, arguing that a ballad or legend may be largely tall tale. Ballads and legends do accrue bullshit and lose truth, but it is hard to imagine that a history-based ballad or legend will not retain some true elements.
Because ballads and legends are unreliable, it is tempting to a truth-seeker to disregard them altogether, but because history-based ballads and legends are likely to contain truth, that would be a mistake. Legend should be winnowed to separate truth from bullshit. That may not be easy but it is not impossible. Because the a priori probability of the truth of reports that John Henry had a wife is not zero, John W. Henry's lack of one is evidence that he is not the legendary steel driver.
It may be weak evidence, but weak evidence should not be disregarded because many pieces can accumulate to a level of significance. Third, Douglas Galbi, who studies history through the lens of psychology, doubts the Virginia story because John W. Henry was a convict laborer. That's the sort of attitude I could easily imagine in a freed black slave A convict in a work gang just wouldn't have the sense of self to do what John Henry did.
Persons who come into prison have that sort of quality pressed out of them. There's no way, in my opinion, that John Henry could have been a convict laborer. John Henry's pride in his ability is the psychological core of the ballad and legend. How reasonable is it to imagine that the historic John Henry lacked this pride? The Virginia story is inconsistent with many elements of the John Henry tradition. In the Alabama story this is a distinct possibility. It is likely that Captain Dabney, who was about 15 years older, knew John Henry from birth.
Nelson's comments begin with the statement that I "would like to believe that John Henry is from" my "town in Alabama, as would the Alabama Folklife Association. I was born and raised in Jackson, Mississippi, and I have never lived in Alabama. The testimony supporting the Alabama story is reasonably self-consistent and consistent with documentation.
Neither investigator adequately addressed the Alabama testimony. Neither even heard about the Virginia story. Considering that they interviewed men who had worked at Lewis Tunnel, that failure itself suggests that the Virginia story is wrong.
As for proof, mentioned by Nelson, no one will ever have it in the deductive, mathematical sense of that word. We all seek the story that best agrees with what is known. Based on census reports for and , Nelson challenges my assertion that "John Henry Something" was more common than "John Something Henry. Bob Eagle, an Australian lawyer and blues researcher who uses the census extensively and who has about eleven years of experience doing so, sent an e-mail from which I quote in part , with his permission.
This could just represent a change in policy in Washington, DC. It remains hard for me to imagine that a man just over five feet, one inch tall could have been a noted steel driver, a winner of competitions against larger men. John Henry is celebrated for his steel-driving prowess. To me John W. Henry's small size is one among many factors that make it unlikely that he inspired the ballad. The case for the Virginia story rests on the historic truth of a line found occasionally in the ballad, "They took John Henry to the White House" not always capitalized.
Of 58 independent versions of the ballad published in the books of Guy Johnson and Louis Chappell, eight contain a line like this. Eight other versions specify another place for John Henry's burial "burying ground," "graveyard," "river," "father's house". Both types are widespread. As far as these data permit judgment, it seems that West Virginians and Virginians were equally likely to sing of John Henry's burial at the "white house" and somewhere else. Nelson notes that the President's house became widely known as the "White House" only after The relevance of this is not clear.
We have no version of "John Henry" that is known to predate about Even if "white house" were in the ballad before , I think singers would have found it attractive and tended to pass it on in oral transmission. David Moores. Principal owners of the Miami Marlins franchise. Wayne Huizenga John W. Henry Jeffrey Loria Bruce Sherman. Boston Red Sox. New York Yankees. Category Commons. Principal owners of the Boston Red Sox franchise. Major League Baseball owners by team. Fisher Oakland Athletics John W.
Simpson Texas Rangers. Thomas S. Louis Cardinals. Fenway Sports Group. Henry Tom Werner. Anfield Fenway Park. All other listed properties are directly owned by NESV. Roush Fenway Racing. Headquarters: Concord , North Carolina. Jack Roush John W. Mark Martin Jack Roush. Stanton Barrett Trevor Bayne T. Wally Dallenbach Jr. Ribbs Dorsey Schroeder. Burton Kenseth J. Burton Martin. Burton Biffle Biffle.
Categories : births American billionaires American commodities traders American currency traders American derivatives traders American financial analysts American financiers American investors American money managers American soccer chairmen and investors Boston Red Sox owners Businesspeople from Arkansas Businesspeople from California Businesspeople from Illinois Liverpool F.John Henry is a hero to everyone, especially African Americans and labor-union members. He is celebrated in novels, poems, cartoons, comics, paintings, sculptures, movies, etc., and he is.