Debate: Jewish romance writer Katherine Locke says Helena's real life story is 'important' but that bears no relation to the flaws in the novel by Kate Breslin left. But Locke does not believe this makes Helena's story any the less inspiring. They [the SS guards] are still guys exterminating and killing millions and millions of people. The storm surrounding For Such a Time came after the tale of a Jewish woman prisoner at a Nazi concentration camp falling in love with the Nazi commandant was shortlisted for two top awards.
Although it won neither the best first book or best 'inspirational' romance novel in the Romance Writers of America awards, its nomination still managed to provoke outrage in the rom-lit world. But I think this issue is much larger than my individual opinion. In For Such a Time, the hero is redeemed and forgiven for his role in a genocide.
Wendell has also written to Breslin, and to representatives at Bethany House, the Christian publisher which released the book. On publication last year, For Such a Time received a starred review from Library Journal, which said that 'fans of historical fiction, especially those who enjoy complex dramatic stories, will want to pick up this title', and was a 'top pick' on a book review site.
And Newsweek Magazine in America called it 'the bizarre The Nazi love story tearing the romance lit world apart. The views expressed in the contents above are those of our users and do not necessarily reflect the views of MailOnline.
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These people are teaching their old dogs and cats The result was released in by Triple X as the live album Iconologia.
Williams ' reclamation of the Christian Death name sparked a fierce court battle with Valor Kand , who eventually won trademark rights and forced Williams to bill his version of the band as "Christian Death Featuring Rozz Williams. He returned with 's Sexy Death God , which many longtime fans greeted as his best and tightest effort in quite some time. Confusingly, Williams ' Christian Death also issued a new album that year, The Rage of Angels , which found its leader dabbling in spoken word at times.
A steady stream of archival reissues -- live material, outtakes, remixes, etc. Adding guitarist Flick and drummer Steve Wright , Valor 's Christian Death picked up their recording pace, offering the double live set Amen in , and returning to the ambitious concept works of old with 's Nostradamus-themed Prophecies.
As it turned out, Williams ' version would not release another full album of original material. He pursued several other projects, including a duo album with Gitane Demone 's Dream Home Heartache and a spoken word examination of his heroin addiction 's The Whorse's Mouth.
That addiction would help claim his life on April 1, , when the year-old Williams hanged himself in his West Hollywood apartment. He was mourned by a still-devoted cult of fans, and even Valor Kand put aside his previous animosity to dedicate that year's Pornographic Messiah album to Williams , going so far as to draw from some of Williams ' more experimental influences.
The two groups got along well enough for several Cradle members to guest on Christian Death 's album Born Again Anti Christian , helping it become one of the most metallic records in their catalog. The following year, bassist Maitri issued the black metal-influenced solo album Lover of Sin confusingly labeled on the cover as " Christian Death Presents Following a four-year silent period, Christian Death returned in with a new drummer Nate Hassan and the politically minded American Inquisition , released by metal label Season of Mist.
The group spent the following year performing extensively, completing four European tours and one American tour by the year's end. In , Season of Mist reissued ten Christian Death albums and the band continued touring. The following year, Knife Fight Media initiated a digital reissue campaign of the Christian Death back catalog, which continued in The group also spent the year celebrating the 30th anniversary of Catastrophe Ballet by touring throughout Europe as well as North, Central, and South America.
I say: My feeling as a Christian points me to my Lord and Savior as a fighter. It points me to the man who once in loneliness, surrounded only by a few followers, recognized these Jews for what they were and summoned men to fight against them and who, God's truth!
In boundless love as a Christian and as a man I read through the passage which tells us how the Lord at last rose in His might and seized the scourge to drive out of the Temple the brood of vipers and adders. How terrific was his fight against the Jewish poison. Today, after two thousand years, with deepest emotion I recognize more profoundly than ever before the fact that it was for this that He had to shed his blood upon the Cross.
As a Christian, I have no duty to allow myself to be cheated, but I have the duty to be a fighter for truth and justice. In a speech, he said: "We tolerate no one in our ranks who attacks the ideas of Christianity In light of later developments, Rees notes, "The most persuasive explanation of [Hitler's] statements is that Hitler, as a politician, simply recognised the practical reality of the world he inhabited Had Hitler distanced himself or his movement too much from Christianity it is all but impossible to see how he could ever have been successful in a free election.
Thus his relationship in public to Christianity—indeed his relationship to religion in general—was opportunistic. He was not a practicing Christian, but had somehow succeeded in masking his own religious skepticism from millions of German voters", wrote Overy , who considered that Hitler found the arrangement useful for a time, but ultimately expected Christianity to wilt and die before "the advances of science".
Hitler's movement was not united on questions of religion. The consensus among historians is that Nazism as a whole was either unrelated to Christianity or actively opposed to it. Author Steigmann-Gall has put forward a minority interpretation, that positive Christianity had an "inner logic" and been "more than a political ploy". It is nonsense to state that Hitler or any of the Nazis adhered to Christianity of this form.
Prior to the Reichstag vote for the Enabling Act of , under which Hitler gained the "temporary" dictatorial powers with which he went on to permanently dismantle the Weimar Republic , Hitler promised the German Parliament that he would not interfere with the rights of the churches. However, with power secured in Germany, Hitler quickly broke this promise. Through and into , the Nazi leader required a level of support from groups like the German conservatives and the Catholic Centre Party in the Reichstag, and of the conservative President von Hindenburg , in order to achieve his takeover of power with the "appearance of legality".
It will preserve and defend those basic principles on which our nation has been built. It regards Christianity as the foundation of our national morality, and the family as the basis of national life. Two days later, the Nazis secured passage of the Enabling Act , granting Hitler dictatorial powers. Less than three months later all non-Nazi parties and organizations, including the Catholic Centre Party had ceased to exist.
Hitler sought to gain the votes of the Catholic Centre Party and German conservatives for the Enabling Act with a mix of intimidation, negotiation and conciliation.
The Centre Party asked for guarantees of the rights of the churches. Hitler promised that the institutions of the Weimar Republic and churches would be protected, and said his government saw the churches as "the most important factors for upholding our nationhood". Amid threats and talk of civil war, the Centre Party voted for the Act. In January , Hitler angered the churches by appointing the neo-pagan Alfred Rosenberg as official Nazi ideologist.
The Fuhrer launched an effort toward coordination of German Protestants under a unified Protestant Reich Church under the Deutsche Christen movement, but the attempt failed—resisted by the Confessing Church.
In public statements made during his rule, Hitler continued to speak positively about a Nazi vision of Christian German culture,  and his belief in an Aryan Christ. Hitler added that Saint Paul , as a Jew, had falsified Jesus' message—a theme Hitler repeated in private conversations, including, in October , when he made the decision to murder the Jews.
Ian Kershaw said that Hitler had lost interest in supporting the Deutsche Christen from around The National Socialist State professes its allegiance to positive Christianity. It will be its honest endeavour to protect both the great Christian Confessions in their rights, to secure them from interference with their doctrines Lehren , and in their duties to constitute a harmony with the views and the exigencies of the State of today. In , Hans Kerrl , Hitler's Minister for Church Affairs, explained "Positive Christianity" as not "dependent upon the Apostle's Creed ", nor in "faith in Christ as the son of God", upon which Christianity relied, but rather, as being represented by the Nazi Party : "The Fuehrer is the herald of a new revelation", he said.
During negotiations leading to the Reichskonkordat with the Vatican, Hitler said, "Secular schools can never be tolerated because such schools have no religious instruction, and a general moral instruction without a religious foundation is built on air; consequently, all character training and religion must be derived from faith.
In , the Nazis banned any member of the Hitler Youth from simultaneously belonging to a religious youth movement. Religious education was not permitted in the Hitler Youth and by , clergymen teachers had been removed from virtually all state schools.
The propaganda machinery of the Nazi party actively promoted Hitler as a saviour of Christianity,  and Nazi propaganda supported the German Christians in their formation of a single national church that could be controlled and manipulated. If positive Christianity means love of one's neighbour, i.
For in these spheres the community of the people of National Socialist Germany has accomplished a prodigious work. According to Bullock, as an adolescent in Vienna, Hitler read widely, including books on Occultism , Hypnotism , Astrology. However, his interest in these subjects was fleeting, and there is no evidence that he ever subscribed to any of these schools of thought.
Speer quotes Hitler as having said of Himmler's attempt to mythologize the SS: . What nonsense! Here we have at last reached an age that has left all mysticism behind it, and now [Himmler] wants to start that all over again. We might just as well have stayed with the church. At least it had tradition. To think that I may, some day, be turned into an SS saint! Can you imagine it? I would turn over in my grave In a speech in Nuremberg Hitler rejected any form of mysticism, but expressed his belief in God, and that the Nazi's work was to fulfill a divine will:.
We will not allow mystically-minded occult folk with a passion for exploring the secrets of the world beyond to steal into our Movement.
At the head of our program there stand no secret surmisings but clear-cut perception and straightforward profession of belief. But since we set as the central point of this perception and of this profession of belief the maintenance and hence the security for the future of a being formed by God, we thus serve the maintenance of a divine work and fulfill a divine will - not in the secret twilight of a new house of worship, but openly before the face of the Lord.
According to Ron Rosenbaum , some scholars believe the young Hitler was strongly influenced, particularly in his racial views, by an abundance of occult works on the mystical superiority of the Germans, like the occult and anti-Semitic magazine Ostara , and give credence to the claim of its publisher Lanz von Liebenfels that Hitler visited him in and praised his work.
Not at least due to the difficulty of sources, historians disagree about the importance of Ariosophy for Hitler's religious views. Comparing him to Erich Ludendorff , Fest writes: "Hitler had detached himself from such affections, in which he encountered the obscurantism of his early years, Lanz v.
For the same people who brandish scholarly imitations of old German tin swords, and wear a dressed bearskin with bull's horns over their heads, preach for the present nothing but struggle with spiritual weapons, and run away as fast as they can from every Communist blackjack.
It is not clear if this statement is an attack at anyone specific. It could have been aimed at Karl Harrer or at the Strasser group. According to Goodrick-Clarke, "In any case, the outburst clearly implies Hitler's contempt for conspiratorial circles and occult-racist studies and his preference for direct activism. Older literature states that Hitler had no intention of instituting worship of the ancient Germanic gods in contrast to the beliefs of some other Nazi officials.
Our old mythology ceased to be viable when Christianity implanted itself. Nothing dies unless it is moribund. Jackson Spielvogel and David Redles in an article published by the Simon Wiesenthal Center assert alleged influences of various portions of the teachings of H.
Blavatsky , the founder of The Theosophical Society with doctrines as expounded by her book "The Secret Doctrine", and the adaptations of her ideas by her followers, through Ariosophy, the Germanenorden and the Thule Society, constituted a popularly unacknowledged but decisive influence over the developing mind of Hitler.
In his childhood, Hitler had admired the pomp of Catholic ritual and the hierarchical organization of the clergy. Later he drew on these elements, organizing his party along hierarchical lines and including liturgical forms into events or using phraseology taken from hymns.
Although Hitler expressed negative views towards the mystical notions of some of his senior Nazi underlings in private, he nevertheless appointed Heinrich Himmler and Alfred Rosenberg to senior positions in the Nazi movement. Its high altar [was] Germany itself and the German people, their soil and forests and language and traditions". In , during his imprisonment, Hitler had chosen Alfred Rosenberg to lead the Nazi movement in his absence. Hitler had called his book "derivative, pastiche, illogical rubbish!
Rosenberg was notoriously anti-Christian. Among its articles: the National Reich Church of Germany was to claim exclusive control over all churches; publication of the Bible was to cease; crucifixes, Bibles and saints were to be removed from altars; and Mein Kampf was to be placed on altars as "to the German nation and therefore to God the most sacred book"; and the Christian Cross was to be removed from all churches and replaced with the swastika.
But Rosenberg was in the end, a marginalised figure in the Hitler regime. Himmler saw the main task of the SS to be that of "acting as the vanguard in overcoming Christianity and restoring a 'Germanic' way of living" in order to prepare for the coming conflict between "humans and subhumans":  He set about making his SS the focus of a "cult of the Teutons".
This task does not consist solely in overcoming an ideological opponent but must be accompanied at every step by a positive impetus: in this case that means the reconstruction of the German heritage in the widest and most comprehensive sense. Hitler viewed atheists as uneducated, and atheism as the state of the animals .
He associated atheism with Bolshevism , Communism , and "Jewish materialism". Hitler was politically prudent enough not to trumpet his scientific views publicly, not least because he wanted to maintain the distinction between his own movement and the godlessness of Soviet Communism. Nor was he a thorough atheist. His public utterances are peppered with references to 'God' and 'Spirit'. For Hitler the eschatological truths that he found in his perception of the race represented the real 'eternal will that rules the universe'; in the infinite value of the race and the struggle to sustain it men find what they might call God, an inner sense of the unity and purposiveness of nature and history Such views could be detected in the development of critical theology in Germany before the First World War, which suggested that God should be experienced as inner feeling rather than as external morality What Hitler could not accept was that Christianity could offer anything other than false 'ideas' to sustain its claim to moral certitude.
The historian Geoffrey Blainey wrote that Hitler courted and benefited from fear among German Christians of militant Communist atheism. To be both was impossible. And to that charge I can answer: In the first place it is Christians and not international atheists who now stand at the head of Germany. I do not merely talk of Christianity, no, I also profess that I will never ally myself with the parties which destroy Christianity. If many wish today to take threatened Christianity under their protection, where, I would ask, was Christianity for them in these fourteen years when they went arm in arm with atheism?
No, never and at no time was greater internal damage done to Christianity than in these fourteen years when a party , theoretically Christian, sat with those who denied God in one and the same Government. In a radio address October 14, Hitler stated, "For eight months we have been waging a heroic battle against the Communist threat to our Volk, the decomposition of our culture, the subversion of our art, and the poisoning of our public morality.
We have put an end to denial of God and abuse of religion. We owe Providence humble gratitude for not allowing us to lose our battle against the misery of unemployment and for the salvation of the German peasant. In a speech delivered in Berlin, October 24, , Hitler stated: "We were convinced that the people needs and requires this faith. We have therefore undertaken the fight against the atheistic movement , and that not merely with a few theoretical declarations: we have stamped it out.
At that time Liberalism was opposed to the Church, while Marxism was anti-religious. But that time is past. National Socialism neither opposes the Church nor is it anti-religious, but on the contrary, it stands on the ground of a real Christianity.
The Church's interests cannot fail to coincide with ours alike in our fight against the symptoms of degeneracy in the world of today, in our fight against the Bolshevist culture, against an atheistic movement, against criminality, and in our struggle for the consciousness of a community in our national life, for the conquest of hatred and disunion between the classes, for the conquest of civil war and unrest, of strife and discord.
These are not anti-Christian, these are Christian principles. Hitler's choice of the Swastika as the Nazis' main and official symbol was linked to the belief in the Aryan cultural descent of the German people.
They considered the early Aryans to be the prototypical white invaders and the sign of the Swastika to be a symbol of the Aryan master race. Hitler's views on Islam are a matter of controversy.
On the one hand, Hitler privately demeaned ethnic groups he associated with Islam, notably Arabs, as racially inferior. On the other hand, he also made private and public statements expressing admiration for what he perceived to be the militaristic nature of Islam and the political sharpness of the Prophet Muhammad. Among eastern religions , Hitler described religious leaders such as " Confucius , Buddha , and Muhammad " as providers of "spiritual sustenance".
During the unsuccessful —39 Arab revolt in Palestine , Husseini and his allies took the opportunity to strengthen relations with Germany and enforced the spread of Nazi customs and propaganda throughout their strongholds in Palestine as a gesture of respect.
During a meeting with a delegation of distinguished Arab figures, Hitler learned of how Islam motivated the Umayyad Caliphate during the Islamic invasion of Gaul. Then the Germanic races would have conquered the world. Christianity alone prevented them from doing so. Hitler said that while the Arabs, on account of their "racial inferiority", would have been unable to handle the harsh climate and conditions of the region, and that instead the Islamized Germans would have "stood at the head of this Mohammedan Empire".
A "religion that believed in spreading the faith by the sword and in subjugating all nations to that faith". Notwithstanding Hitler's apparent admiration for Islam and Muhammad, and his willingness to work with Arab political leaders, he viewed Arabic people as racial and social inferiors. Speer acknowledged that in private, Hitler regarded Arabs as an inferior race  and that the relationship he had with various Muslim figures was more political than personal. Hitler was also quoted in the early war years stating, "We shall continue to make disturbances in the Far East and in Arabia.
Let us think as men and let us see in these peoples at best lacquered half-apes who are anxious to experience the lash. The categorization was based on the Nazi conception of race, and not on religion, thus Slavs and Poles who were overwhelmingly Christian were also grouped as inferior to the so-called "Aryan" peoples. Hitler espoused a ruthless policy of "negative eugenic selection", believing that world history consisted of a struggle for survival between races, in which the Jews plotted to undermine the Germans, and inferior groups like Slavs and defective individuals in the German gene pool, threatened the Aryan "master race".
Writing for the public in Mein Kampf , Hitler described the Jews as enemies of all civilization and as materialistic, unspiritual beings: "His life is only of this world, and his spirit is inwardly as alien to true Christianity as his nature two thousand years previous was to the great founder of the new doctrine.
During negotiations for the Concordat between the Catholic Church and Germany in , Hitler said to Bishop Wilhelm Berning: "I have been attacked because of my handling of the Jewish question. The Catholic Church considered the Jews pestilent for fifteen hundred years, put them in ghettos , etc, because it recognised the Jews for what they were. In the epoch of liberalism the danger was no longer recognised.
I am moving back toward the time in which a fifteen-hundred-year-long tradition was implemented. I do not set race over religion, but I recognise the representatives of this race as pestilant for the state and for the church and perhaps I am thereby doing Christianity a great service by pushing them out of schools and public functions".
Scholarly interest continues on the extent to which inherited, long-standing, cultural-religious notions of anti-Judaism in Christian Europe contributed to Hitler's personal racial anti-Semitism, and what influence a pseudo-scientific "primitive version of social-Darwinism", mixed with 19th century imperialist notions, brought to bear on his psychology.
While Hitler's views on these subjects have often been called " social Darwinist ", Hitler's grasp of the subject has been argued to have been incomplete,     there is little agreement among historians as to what the term may mean, or how it transformed from its 19th-century scientific origins, to become a central component of a genocidal political ideology in the 20th century. According to historian Lucy Dawidowicz , anti-Semitism has a long history within Christianity, and the line of "anti-Semitic descent" from Luther to Hitler is "easy to draw".
In her The War Against the Jews , — , she writes that Luther and Hitler were obsessed by the " demonologized universe" inhabited by Jews. Dawidowicz states that the similarities between Luther's anti-Semitic writings and modern anti-Semitism are no coincidence, because they derived from a common history of Judenhass which can be traced to Haman's advice to Ahasuerus , although modern German anti-Semitism also has its roots in German nationalism.
Gitane Demone subsequently left the band, not to mention her longtime lover Valor Kand, citing dissatisfaction with his new direction; she relocated to Amsterdam and pursued a jazz singing career. With Demone's departure, the always unstable Christian Death lineup splintered completely, leaving Kand essentially a solo auteur despite continued instrumental assistance from Nick the Bastard. In , Kand completed another far-reaching concept opus, All the Love All the Hate, which was released in two separate full-length LP installments that covered "love" and "hate" themes respectively.
The latter featured one of the band's more notorious latter-day cuts in "I Hate You," a profane tirade by Valor and Demone's five-year-old son Sevan Kand; its artwork also utilized Nazi imagery to a somewhat ill-defined end.
Meanwhile, a penniless Rozz Williams had resurrected his own version of Christian Death during the late '80s, with his wife Eva O. Billing themselves as the original Christian Death, they were rejoined by first-album guitarist Rikk Agnew for a tour of Canada. Despite the dubious legality of Williams' use of the Christian Death name, his efforts attracted the interest of the goth-oriented Cleopatra Records label.
In , with Valor's version of the band in recording hibernation, Williams issued The Iron Mask as Christian Death, its title a pointed reference to the Alexandre Dumas novel about a usurper who imprisons the rightful heir to the throne. He and Eva O. The similarly conceived Skeleton Kiss EP appeared on its heels.
An all-new studio effort, The Path of Sorrows, followed in , with a new lineup behind Williams and O. The result was released in by Triple X as the live album Iconologia. Williams' reclamation of the Christian Death name sparked a fierce court battle with Valor Kand, who eventually won trademark rights and forced Williams to bill his version of the band as "Christian Death Featuring Rozz Williams. He returned with 's Sexy Death God, which many longtime fans greeted as his best and tightest effort in quite some time.
Confusingly, Williams' Christian Death also issued a new album that year, The Rage of Angels, which found its leader dabbling in spoken word at times. A steady stream of archival reissues -- live material, outtakes, remixes, etc. Adding guitarist Flick and drummer Steve Wright, Valor's Christian Death picked up their recording pace, offering the double live set Amen in , and returning to the ambitious concept works of old with 's Nostradamus-themed Prophecies.
As it turned out, Williams' version would not release another full album of original material. He pursued several other projects, including a duo album with Gitane Demone 's Dream Home Heartache and a spoken word examination of his heroin addiction 's The Whorse's Mouth.
That addiction would help claim his life on April 1, , when the year-old Williams hanged himself in his West Hollywood apartment. He was mourned by a still-devoted cult of fans, and even Valor Kand put aside his previous animosity to dedicate that year's Pornographic Messiah album to Williams, going so far as to draw from some of Williams' more experimental influences. The two groups got along well enough for several Cradle members to guest on Christian Death's album Born Again Anti Christian, helping it become one of the most metallic records in their catalog.
The following year, bassist Maitri issued the black metal-influenced solo album Lover of Sin confusingly labeled on the cover as "Christian Death Presents Following a four-year silent period, Christian Death returned in with a new drummer Nate Hassan and the politically minded American Inquisition, released by metal label Season of Mist. The group spent the following year performing extensively, completing four European tours and one American tour by the year's end.Aug 12, · It was the most forbidden love of them all under the rule of the Nazis. As soon as Hitler took power in , regime bureaucrats began drawing .